The Skolkovo's resident for the first time in the world have grown and implanted thyroid gland. What's next?
Russian company's 3D Bioprinting Solutions specialists successfully printed the thyroid by the 3D-printer. In February experts in the fild of the bioprint will meet in Skolkovo and discuss the future of disruptive technology.
February 11, 2016 in Skolkovo's Hypercube will be held International scientific conference for the development of 3D-printing technology of living tissues. Experts from different countries will discuss about the development of one of the most promising sectors of life sciences. 3D-printing of biological tissues in the future will allow to print functional organs that can be transplanted to humans. Thus it will be possible to provide unlimited production of donor organs which are not rejected by the body of the recipient. At the same time donor liver or kidney can be printed in the "embryonic" state. Such an implant can be placed in the body through a small rupture. Over time the body will grow and turn into a full-fledged. In such a 3D-printing organs could save millions of lives annually.
In the Russian Skolkovo innovation center it has one of the five companies in the world which develop functional bioprinter for printing organs researches. Company 3D Bioprinting Solutions (3D bio) has made the world's first printed works organ (thyroid) and transplanted in laboratory mouse. Thyroid are functional, produces all the necessary hormones and supports mouse's life.
In the experiment, first the recipient took healthy thyroid cells duplicated samples and cell culture in vitro. So there were "ink" for of 3D-printers. Thereafter, a construct was printed thyroid. Grown organ transplanted into mice with damaged thyroid gland. The implant has successfully taken root and provided normal levels of thyroxine - the main thyroid hormone. Such a procedure could recover health of 660 million people suffering from thyroid disorders.
3D-printing in the future will solve the problem of donor organs. Any organ or a group of the most complex of tissue can be replaced by items printed on the 3D-bioprinter. Emergency transportation of donor organs, long-term intake of immunosuppressive drugs, traumatic transplant surgery, the risk of rejection and rapid death, long wait for a suitable donor to the brink of life and death - all this will remain in the past. Organs can be printed in the clinic.